Develop "Active Posture"

Originally published on March 26, 2014 on

Posture and alignment exercises for singing technique

If there is one common thread that I see in dysfunctional singing it is a lack of core stability and postural muscle tone.

It’s no wonder: as a society we are less physically fit. Children play outside less these days. Computers and gaming consoles glue us to chairs and sofas. With lightning-fast internet access we rarely actually need to leave the house as virtually anything can be ordered online and delivered to our doors.

Most singers I see tend to ‘hang on their ligaments’ rather than ‘stand with their muscles.’

Good singing is an athletic act. Singing well in your everyday, relaxed, ‘standby mode’ is pretty difficult. You need to get your body ‘amped up’ and working dynamically to support your voice to its full potential.

Active Posture in a Nutshell

It is not merely about standing up straight.

It is about investing energy into key muscle groups that are designed to stabilize our body so it can move with more efficiency.

In a nutshell it’s about maintaining a sense of physical readiness whilst singing. Imagine getting ready to run, jump or fight.

Your body prepares by increasing its stability from head to toe.

In a perfect postural world you should be able to draw a straight line down from your earlobe to the middle of your shoulder down into your hip.

This core relationship can be maintained regardless of what your arms and legs are doing.

An Exercise

You can do it standing, sitting, kneeling, crouching, etc. Getting into this position can often feel like hard work and sometimes even quite odd at first.

Here is an exercise to help you:

1. To be able to compare what we are about to do with less ideal singing, let’s have you briefly use some bad technique! Try calling out a happy “Hey” with your body overly relaxed and slouched. This is not what singers are supposed to do (!) but it will allow you to feel the difference that good posture will make to your vocal effort.

2. Now, sit on the edge of a chair with your feet flat on the floor. Prepare to stand up to the point where you begin to transfer the weight from your bottom into your legs and feet. Notice the muscle activity from your neck into your back and down into your pelvis.

3. Begin to stand but let your bottom hover an inch or two off of the chair. Notice how much stabilizing effort moves into the whole neck/torso/pelvis. You may also notice a lot of effort in your legs. Try to ignore the legs as much as possible. As your core strength coordinates over time the legs will feel freer.

4. Gently sit back down but maintain the stabilizing effort in your body by only letting your bottom gently rest on the chair. Do not let your bottom bear any weight. This is the ideal Active Posture position for singing whilst sitting.

5. Try calling out your happy “Hey!” again and notice the lack of voice effort.

6. Relax your body and let the chair bear your weight and call out again. The voice will work much harder.

The problem with ‘standby’ posture– not using the technique above– is that it puts additional pressure on the muscles surrounding the larynx making voice effort increase. It also makes it difficult to take a quick, reflexive breath and access your respiratory support muscles. All of these compromises mean the whole vocal mechanism is not free to get into the positions it requires quickly and easily.

Don’t forget that Active Posture also applies to singer-guitarists and singer-pianists. Most singers will slouch or hunch over when playing their instrument. The Active Posture maneuver will immediately improve vocal efficiency in both sitting and standing.